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Как получить информацию об операционной системе при помощи WMI


Автор: Randy Birch

Компилятор: Visual Basic 5.0, 6.0

Windows Script Host встроен Microsoft Windows 98, 2000, ME и XP. Если Ваша операционная система Windows 95 или NT4, то прийдётся скачать Windows Script Host с сайта компании Microsoft http://msdn.microsoft.com/scripting/.

Демонстрационный пример показывает только часть информации, которую можно получить при помощи класса Win32_OperatingSystem WMI. В конце статьи представлена таблица, содержащая список всей доступной информации об операционной системе.

 

Добавьте на форму кнопку (Command1) и список (Listview1). Подключите билиотеку в Projects / References Microsoft WMI Scripting Library, и добавьте следующий код:


Option Explicit
'/* следующие константы используются для изменения размеров колонок
Private Const LVM_FIRST As Long = &H1000
Private Const LVM_SETCOLUMNWIDTH As Long = (LVM_FIRST + 30)
Private Const LVSCW_AUTOSIZE As Long = -1
Private Const LVSCW_AUTOSIZE_USEHEADER As Long = -2

Private Declare Function SendMessage Lib "user32" _
   Alias "SendMessageA" _
  (ByVal hwnd As Long, _
   ByVal wMsg As Long, _
   ByVal wParam As Long, _
   lParam As Any) As Long


Private Sub Form_Load()

   With ListView1
      .ListItems.Clear
      .ColumnHeaders.Clear
      .ColumnHeaders.Add , , "WMI Property"
      .ColumnHeaders.Add , , "Value(s)"
      .View = lvwReport
      .Sorted = False
   End With
   
   Command1.Caption = "OS Info"

End Sub


Private Sub Command1_Click()

   ListView1.ListItems.Clear
   Call wmiOperatingSystemInfo
   Call lvAutosizeControl(ListView1)
   
End Sub


Private Sub lvAutosizeControl(lv As ListView)

   Dim col2adjust As Long

  '/* Размер каждой колонки основан на длине текста в заголовке
  '/* столбца. Если последующая строка шире, то вся колонка
  '/* подстраивается под эту ширину
   For col2adjust = 0 To lv.ColumnHeaders.Count - 1
   
      Call SendMessage(lv.hwnd, _
                       LVM_SETCOLUMNWIDTH, _
                       col2adjust, _
                       ByVal LVSCW_AUTOSIZE_USEHEADER)

   Next
   
End Sub


Private Function SplitDateTimeBias(ByVal leasedate As String, _
                                   leasedatepart As String, _
                                   leasetimepart As String) As Long

  'получаем дату и время при помощи
  'Win32_NetworkAdapterConfiguration
  'и разделяем на компоненты даты и времени, возвращиемые в
  'переменных leasedatepart и leasetimepart
   Dim pos     As Long
   Dim bias    As Long
  
   pos = InStr(leasedate, ".")

   If pos > 0 Then

      bias = StripTimeZoneBias(leasedate)
      leasedatepart = Left$(leasedate, 8)
      leasetimepart = Mid$(leasedate, 9, pos - Len(leasedatepart) - 1)
      leasedatepart = InsertInString(leasedatepart, "-", 5, "")
      leasedatepart = InsertInString(leasedatepart, "-", 8, "")
      leasetimepart = InsertInString(leasetimepart, ":", 3, "")
      leasetimepart = InsertInString(leasetimepart, ":", 6, "")
      
      SplitDateTimeBias = bias

   Else

   End If

End Function


Private Function InsertInString(ByVal sOriginal As String, _
                                sReplace As String, _
                                nField As Long, _
                                sDelimeter As String) As String
    

         
   Dim nCount As Long
   Dim nStart As Long
   Dim nLast As Long
    
   Do While InStr(nStart + 1, sOriginal, sDelimeter) > 0
    
      nStart = InStr(nStart + 1, sOriginal, sDelimeter)
      nCount = nCount + 1
      
      If nCount >= nField Then
         Exit Do
      End If
      
      nLast = nStart
        
   Loop
    
   
   Select Case nCount
   
      Case 1
         InsertInString = sReplace & Mid$(sOriginal, nStart)
      
      Case Is >= nField
         InsertInString = Mid$(sOriginal, 1, nLast) & _
                               sReplace & Mid$(sOriginal, nStart)
      Case Else
         InsertInString = sOriginal & _
                          String$((nField - 1) - nCount, sDelimeter) & _
                          sReplace
   End Select
    
End Function


Private Function StripTimeZoneBias(leasedate As String) As Long

   Dim pos As Long
   Dim tmp As String
   
   pos = InStr(leasedate, "-")
   
   If pos = 0 Then
      
      pos = InStr(leasedate, "+")
      
      If pos = 0 Then
         StripTimeZoneBias = 0
      Else
      
      End If
      
   Else
   
      tmp = Mid$(leasedate, pos, Len(leasedate))
      leasedate = Mid$(leasedate, 1, pos - 1)
      StripTimeZoneBias = CLng(tmp)
      
   End If

End Function


Private Sub wmiOperatingSystemInfo()

   Dim wmiObjSet As SWbemObjectSet
   Dim obj As SWbemObject
   Dim msg As String
   Dim itmx As ListItem
      
  'рабочие переменные для возвращаемых данных
   Dim dtb As String
   Dim d As String
   Dim t As String
   Dim bias As Long
   
   On Local Error Resume Next

   Set wmiObjSet = GetObject("winmgmts:{impersonationLevel=impersonate}")._
                                    InstancesOf("Win32_OperatingSystem")
   
   For Each obj In wmiObjSet
    
     'информация о версии
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "Operating System")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.Caption
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "Version")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.Version
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "BuildNumber")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.BuildNumber
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "BuildType")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.BuildType
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "Latest Service Pack")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.CSDVersion
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "EncryptionLevel")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.EncryptionLevel & "-bit"
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "OSType")
      Select Case obj.OSType
         Case 15: msg = "WIN3x"
         Case 16: msg = "WIN95"
         Case 17: msg = "WIN98"
         Case 18: msg = "WINNT"
         Case 19: msg = "WINCE"
         Case Else: msg = "non-windows - see MSDN for complete list"
      End Select
      itmx.SubItems(1) = msg
      
     'информация о системе
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "BootDevice")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.BootDevice
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "RegisteredUser")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.RegisteredUser
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "SerialNumber")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.SerialNumber
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "Status")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.Status
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "SystemDevice")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.SystemDevice
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "SystemDrive")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.SystemDrive
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "WindowsDirectory")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.WindowsDirectory
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "SystemDirectory")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.SystemDirectory
      
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "LocalDateTime")
        dtb = obj.LocalDateTime
            bias = SplitDateTimeBias(dtb, d, t)
            itmx.SubItems(1) = Format$(d, "dddd mmm d, yyyy") & " " & _
                               Format$(t, "hh:mm") & _
                               " (includes " & bias & " bias)"
            
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "InstallDate")
        dtb = obj.InstallDate
            bias = SplitDateTimeBias(dtb, d, t)
            itmx.SubItems(1) = Format$(d, "dddd mmm d, yyyy") & _
                               " at " & _
                               Format$(t, "hh:mm") & _
                               " (includes " & bias & " bias)"
                               
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "LastBootUpTime")
        dtb = obj.LastBootUpTime
            bias = SplitDateTimeBias(dtb, d, t)
            itmx.SubItems(1) = Format$(d, "dddd mmm d, yyyy") & _
                               " at " & _
                               Format$(t, "hh:mm") & _
                               " (includes " & bias & " bias)"
                               
     'страна, язык, временная зона
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "OSLanguage")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.OSLanguage
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "CodeSet")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.CodeSet
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "Locale")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.Locale
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "CountryCode")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.CountryCode
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "CurrentTimeZone")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = obj.CurrentTimeZone
      
     'информация о использовании памяти
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "ForegroundApplicationBoost")
      Select Case obj.ForegroundApplicationBoost
         Case 0: msg = "none"
         Case 1: msg = "minimum"
         Case 2: msg = "maximum (default)"
      End Select
      itmx.SubItems(1) = msg
      
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "TotalVisibleMemorySize")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.TotalVisibleMemorySize, 0)
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "FreePhysicalMemory")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.FreePhysicalMemory, 0)
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "TotalVirtualMemorySize")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.TotalVirtualMemorySize, 0)
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "FreeVirtualMemory")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.FreeVirtualMemory, 0)
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "FreeSpaceInPagingFiles")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.FreeSpaceInPagingFiles, 0)
      Set itmx = ListView1.ListItems.Add(, , "SizeStoredInPagingFiles")
      itmx.SubItems(1) = FormatNumber(obj.SizeStoredInPagingFiles, 0)
      
    Next
    
End Sub

Ниже приведена вся информация, возвращаемая классом Win32_OperatingSystem (некоторые операционные системы могут возвращать не всю информацию, предесмотренную данным классом):
  

string BootDevice
string BuildNumber
string BuildType
string Caption
string CodeSet
string CountryCode
string CreationClassName
string CSCreationClassName
string CSDVersion
string CSName
sint16 CurrentTimeZone
boolean Debug
string Description
boolean Distributed
string EncryptionLevel
uint8 ForegroundApplicationBoost
uint64 FreePhysicalMemory
uint64 FreeSpaceInPagingFiles
uint64 FreeVirtualMemory
datetime InstallDate
datetime LastBootUpTime
datetime LocalDateTime
string Locale
string Manufacturer
uint32 MaxNumberOfProcesses
uint64 MaxProcessMemorySize
string Name
uint32 NumberOfLicensedUsers
uint32 NumberOfProcesses
uint32 NumberOfUsers
string Organization
uint32 OSLanguage
uint32 OSProductSuite
uint16 OSType
string OtherTypeDescription
string PlusProductID
string PlusVersionNumber
boolean Primary
uint8 QuantumLength
uint8 QuantumType
string RegisteredUser
string SerialNumber
uint16 ServicePackMajorVersion
uint16 ServicePackMinorVersion
uint64 SizeStoredInPagingFiles
string Status
string SystemDevice
string SystemDirectory
string SystemDrive
uint64 TotalSwapSpaceSize
uint64 TotalVirtualMemorySize
uint64 TotalVisibleMemorySize
string Version
string WindowsDirectory

 

 


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