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Как получить текущие настройки экрана


Автор: Randy Birch

Компилятор: Visual Basic 5.0, 6.0

 

API функция GetDeviceCaps() позволяет получить наиболее часто используемые параметры видео адаптера, такие как разрешение по вертикали и горизонтали, а также глубину цвета и текущую частоту обновления.

Добавьте на форму четыре текстовых поля (Label1 - Label4) кнопку и следующий код:


Option Explicit
    Private Declare Function GetDeviceCaps Lib "gdi32" _
   (ByVal hdc As Long, _
    ByVal nIndex As Long) As Long

Private Const HORZRES As Long = 8
Private Const VERTRES As Long = 10
Private Const BITSPIXEL As Long = 12
Private Const VREFRESH As Long = 116


Private Sub Command1_Click()

   Dim currHRes As Long
   Dim currVRes As Long
   Dim currBPP As Long
   Dim currVFreq As Long
   Dim sBPPtype As String
   Dim sFreqtype As String
   
  'Получаем системные установки
   currHRes = GetDeviceCaps(hdc, HORZRES)
   currVRes = GetDeviceCaps(hdc, VERTRES)
   currBPP = GetDeviceCaps(hdc, BITSPIXEL)
   currVFreq = GetDeviceCaps(hdc, VREFRESH)
   
   
  'Подписываем глубину цвета для удобства чтения
   Select Case currBPP
      Case 4:      sBPPtype = "(16 Color)"
      Case 8:      sBPPtype = "(256 Color)"
      Case 16:     sBPPtype = "(High Color)"
      Case 24, 32: sBPPtype = "(True Color)"
   End Select
   
   Select Case currVFreq
      Case 0, 1:   sFreqtype = "(Hardware default)"
      Case Else:   sFreqtype = "(User-selected)"
   End Select
      
   Label1.Caption = currHRes & " pixels"
   Label2.Caption = currVRes & " pixels"
   Label3.Caption = currBPP & " bits per pixel  " & sBPPtype
   Label4.Caption = currVFreq & " hz  " & sFreqtype
   
End Sub

Ниже приведены константы из заголовочного файла Windows, которые возвращаются функцией GetDeviceCaps().

 

Private Const DRIVERVERSION  As Long = 0     'Версия драйвера
Private Const TECHNOLOGY     As Long = 2     'Классификация устройства
Private Const HORZSIZE       As Long = 4     'Размер по горизонтали в мм.
Private Const VERTSIZE       As Long = 6     'Размер по вертикали в мм.
Private Const HORZRES        As Long = 8     'Размер по горизонтали в точках
Private Const VERTRES        As Long = 10    'Размер по вертикали в точках
Private Const BITSPIXEL      As Long = 12    'Кол-во бит на точку
Private Const PLANES         As Long = 14    'Number of planes
Private Const NUMBRUSHES     As Long = 16    'Number of brushes the device has
Private Const NUMPENS        As Long = 18    'Number of pens the device has
Private Const NUMMARKERS     As Long = 20    'Number of markers the device has
Private Const NUMFONTS       As Long = 22    'Number of fonts the device has
Private Const NUMCOLORS      As Long = 24    'Макс. кол-во возможных цветов
Private Const PDEVICESIZE    As Long = 26    'Size required for device descripto
Private Const CURVECAPS      As Long = 28    'Curve capabilities
Private Const LINECAPS       As Long = 30    'Line capabilities
Private Const POLYGONALCAPS  As Long = 32    'Polygonal capabilities
Private Const TEXTCAPS       As Long = 34    'Text capabilities
Private Const CLIPCAPS       As Long = 36    'Clipping capabilities
Private Const RASTERCAPS     As Long = 38    'Bitblt capabilities
Private Const ASPECTX        As Long = 40    'Length of the X leg
Private Const ASPECTY        As Long = 42    'Length of the Y leg
Private Const ASPECTXY       As Long = 44    'Length of the hypotenuse
Private Const SHADEBLENDCAPS As Long = 45    'Shading and blending caps (IE5)
Private Const LOGPIXELSX     As Long = 88    'Logical pixels/inch in X
Private Const LOGPIXELSY     As Long = 90    'Logical pixels/inch in Y
Private Const SIZEPALETTE    As Long = 104   'Number of entries in physical palette
Private Const NUMRESERVED    As Long = 106   'Number of reserved entries in palette
Private Const COLORRES       As Long = 108   'Количество цветов
Private Const VREFRESH       As Long = 116   'Текущий рефрешь по вертикали в Гц
                                             '(только для монитора)
Private Const DESKTOPVERTRES As Long = 117   'Размер десктопа по горизонтали
Private Const DESKTOPHORZRES As Long = 118   'Размер десктопа по вертикали
Private Const BLTALIGNMENT   As Long = 119   'Preferred blt alignment


Private Sub Command1_Click()

'Получаем системные установки
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, DRIVERVERSION)  'Версия драйвера
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, TECHNOLOGY)     'Классификация устройства
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, HORZSIZE)       'Размер по горизонтали в мм.
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, VERTSIZE)       'Размер по вертикали в мм.
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, HORZRES)        'Размер по горизонтали в точках
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, VERTRES)        'Размер по вертикали в точках
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, BITSPIXEL)      'Кол-во бит на точку
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, PLANES)         'Number of planes
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMBRUSHES)     'Number of brushes the device has
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMPENS)        'Number of pens the device has
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMMARKERS)     'Number of markers the device has
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMFONTS)       'Number of fonts the device has
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMCOLORS)      'Number of colours the device supports
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, PDEVICESIZE)    'Size required for device descriptor
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, CURVECAPS)      'Curve capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, LINECAPS)       'Line capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, POLYGONALCAPS)  'Polygonal capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, TEXTCAPS)       'Text capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, CLIPCAPS)       'Clipping capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, RASTERCAPS)     'BitBlt capabilities
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, ASPECTX)        'Length of the X leg
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, ASPECTY)        'Length of the Y leg
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, ASPECTXY)       'Length of the hypotenuse
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, SHADEBLENDCAPS) 'Shading and blending caps (IE5)
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, LOGPIXELSX)     'Logical pixels/inch in X
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, LOGPIXELSY)     'Logical pixels/inch in Y
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, SIZEPALETTE)    'Number of entries in physical palette
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, NUMRESERVED)    'Number of reserved entries in palette
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, COLORRES)       'Количество цветов
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, VREFRESH)       'Текущий рефрешь по вертикали в Гц
                                         '(только для монитора)
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, DESKTOPVERTRES) 'Размер десктопа по горизонтали
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, DESKTOPHORZRES) 'Размер десктопа по вертикали
Print GetDeviceCaps(hdc, BLTALIGNMENT)   'Preferred blt alignment

End Sub 

 

 

 


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